About the EU

EU flag

The EU consists of 28 countries with a combined population of just over 500 million people. There are currently five official candidate countries; F.Y.R. Macedonia, Turkey, Serbia, Iceland and Montenegro, each at different stages in the process to join; whilst Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo are officially recognised as potential candidates. 

Although the EU traces its origins to the six countries that formed the European Steel and Coal Community in 1951, the name ‘European Union’ was actually created by the Maastricht Treaty, which came into force on 1 November 1993.  This built on earlier treaties, which had established, amongst other things, the European single market and the common agricultural and fisheries policies. The Maastricht Treaty introduced new forms of co-operation between the Member State governments, for example, in the area of defence, and thus created a new political, as well as economic, structure. The Maastricht Treaty also included provisions on public health for the first time.

It is estimated that at least half the laws enacted in the UK stem from EU legislation, underlining the hugely influential role it has on many aspects of our lives.

This section of our website gives a brief introduction to:

The Influencing EU policy section of the website gives more information about how EU policy affects the NHS in specific areas. You can find out more about how the NHS European Office works to influence this in About us.

European Commission

How the EU works

A short overview of the key EU institutions

EU flag

The EU and health policy

Protecting and promoting the health of European citizens is a key priority for the EU

UK and European flag

Healthcare for EU travellers

Travellers within Europe may be entitled to necessary medical care at a reduced cost or free of charge

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Latest Blog Post

Microbes don’t need visas! The reality of Brexit and public health | Kate Ling

12 / 6 / 2018 11.30pm

Health threats pay no attention to international borders – tackling them effectively requires joined-up policies and action, writes Kate Ling.

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